Steps to produce wire and cable
مرداد ۱۵, ۱۳۹۸

Iran Cable Company made an investment in 2003 and 2004 and is now capable of producing up to 132 kV cables up to 1000 mm2, lead sheath, freight halogen, copper telephone, optical fiber cables as well as power cables. The cross section is 120 mm2.

In recent years, with the rise in copper prices, the factory has been in crisis. When Saidia left the factory in early 2002, the price of copper was 1800 tomans, and when copper returned to 7200 tomans. According to Saeedia, because of the overcrowded capital, the board of directors who are actually their representatives failed to make the decision to pass the company in time. Although the company is still struggling, it is still active.

In the cable industry, there is a great deal of variation, reaching up to two thousand models, but they can be subdivided into more narrow categories: Power cables into three categories of low-voltage up to one kV (average voltage) 33 kV and voltage Split up. These groups, of course, have other subdivisions, for example, they can be armed, lead or wet. There are also other subdivisions, such as instrument cables, coaxial cables and the like. Currently, the Iranian cable company has moved from producing small and coaxial cables to producing specialized, medium voltage and high voltage cables.

In 2000, the Iranian cable company was the first cable company in the country to produce lead cable. The company now also has the largest line of high voltage cable production.

Copper is the primary material for the production of power cables. It is manufactured from within the country and with many mines in Iran, there is no problem in supplying this raw material. Cable coatings such as middle sheets, final sheets and insulators are also provided in conventional PVC cables, but medium and high voltage cable materials are not available in the country and are imported. The company also supplies galvanized and lead coils from within the country, but as the grade increases, the amount of imported raw materials increases.

Telephone cables are also divided into two groups: copper cables and fiber optic cables. 30% of the raw material of copper cables and about 80% of fiber optic cables are also imported. The variety of imported materials in fiber optic cables is high, but in general, the imports are up to 20 items in the Iranian cable company, mostly from China, Korea, India and the UAE.

In the electricity sector, Iranian cable companies use up to 70 percent of their cables and in the copper sector up to 20 percent, as demand for these cables has fallen sharply in the market. But in the optical fiber sector, the company uses 100% of its capacity. At Iran Cable Company all orders are in the form of bids, often from oil companies, oil companies and power companies. According to Saeedia, the cable company in Iran has only 15% of the market share as private companies have done very well in this area in the past few years.

Abadan Refinery, Maroon Petrochemical Company, Fajr Refinery, South Pars and Petroleum Products Distribution Company were among the clients of Iran Cable Factory in the field of oil, gas and petrochemical industries.

Quality issues are very important in the cable industry. The Iranian cable company is also particularly sensitive to this issue. “We prefer not to produce but to reduce the quality of work,” says engineer Saeed Nia. Iranian Cable Company standards are Paine Yin voltage standards in Iran but its main standard is the IEC standard as well as the German Fade and BS standard which the oil company has traditionally used for lead and lead cables.

Iran Cable also holds ISO 9001 certification and is one of the first companies to implement this standard in the field of management. In the field of power cables, it is common for manufacturing companies to receive a certification from reputable labs around the world. Iran Cable Company has also obtained quality certification from KEMA Netherlands International and Independent Laboratory for producing cables up to 132 kV. KEMA is the most prestigious certification company.

On January 4, 2006, the 132 kV cable production line of Iran Cable Factory was inaugurated during a ceremony.

Due to the high consumption of high voltage cables in Iran and the presence of only a few Iranian companies in the domestic market, Iran Cable Company is now the third largest producer of 132 kV cables in Iran. At present, due to the use of different types of machinery and automatic equipment, the products of Iran Cable Company are of high quality. Saidinia, referring to the capacity of the two-thousand-ton cabling company in Iran, expresses hope that in the near future, a large share of the domestic market will be supplied with domestic products and products and even supplied overseas.

According to Saidia, foreign currency investment for the construction of the line was about six million euros and in addition about 30 billion riyals were spent on ancillary works such as construction and installations. He also mentioned Niroo Ramshir Engineering and Commerce as one of the main representatives of Iranian cable company. “We are actually the first customer of 132kV cable and we are the founder of this company. We know the 132 kV cable transition in Kabul Iran. Currently, according to the tests carried out in the field of cable manufacturing, the production line of Iranian cable companies is among the best lines of cable production in the Middle East and Asia.

According to experts at KEMA International Laboratory, the cable structure reflects the unique quality of the cable manufactured by Iran’s cabling plant as it is first-class in the Middle East. It is the lowest production line in the world. The test results obtained by KEMA International are proof of this. However, according to Saidnia, the Iranian cable company, due to the market situation, is moving towards producing cables that are not of much interest to the complex. The company has also put in place products that not only meet customers’ interests and needs, but also include environmental protection.

The Iranian cable company has a well-equipped laboratory and a research and development unit in the technical and engineering unit of the company. This section is committed to updating standards and observing the changes in the cable industry and market.

Iran Cable Company is also a member of the two associations of Wire and Cable Trade Union and Document One of the Electrical Industry. Ibrahim Saidnia, pointing out that in terms of quality, considers Iranian Cable Manufacturing Company the best company in this field, says: In terms of production diversity, it is the first in Iran. »